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Chottanikkara Temple

Chottanikkara Bhagavathy temple is the most famous temple in kerala. Two main deities are presiding here which can be seen in Melekkavu and Keezkkavu. Rajarajeswari is presiding in Melkkavu. Keezhkkavu bhagavathy is badrakali in Durga form.

Other sub deities are Brahma, Shiva, Ganapathy, Muruga and Ayyappa.

Raja Rajeshwari is worshipped as Saraswathi in the morning, as Lakshmi in the afternoon and as Durga in the evening. Accordingly three different poojas are done during these three times for these three deities. The speciality is idol of the goddess is not fixed to the ground but mounted on sand. Deity is also known as Lakshmi Narayana because Lord Vishnu is seated on the same pedestal.

Large number of devotees comes to Keezhkkavu bhagavathy to get rid of evil spirit. There are several true examples and history that goddess here protects her devotees from all evil spirit and prayogas. Guruthy pooja is special here. It is said that devotees should first visit keezhkkavu and then visit Melakkavu. Lots of devotees comes for Bhajan (41 days Prayer). This temple will be packed with Samis during Sabarimala season, where almost all ayyappa swamis visits this temple.

This is one among the most famous temples of Kerala where mentally disturbed people, come in thousands to get cured. This temple is 8 KM away from present-day Thripoonithura (which is a suburb of Kochy).

There are two main temples here. The first one we see as soon as we enter is the temple of Rajarajeswari. The one behind it in a slightly lower elevation is called Keezhekavu, which has Bhadra Kali consecrated there. The Rajarajeswari is worshipped as Goddess Saraswathi in the morning, as Bhadra kali at noon and Durga in the night. This temple opens its doors every day at 4 AM. People believe that Goddess Mookambika of Kollur attends the first worship here before going to her temple. Another peculiarity of this temple is that the Goddess is not fixed to the ground but rests on a bed of sand. Nearby her, is the idol of Lord Vishnu. Hence the devotees always pray to her along with her brother Lord Narayana and chant 'Amme Narayana'.

Location : Chottanikkara, Ernakulam, Kerala, India.

Gods : Rajarajeswari, Durga, Brahma, Shiva, Ganapathy, Muruga and Ayyappa.

Landmark : Air : International Air Port is at Nedumbassery, near Aluva, about 22 km away from Ernakulam, Kochi. Rail :The nearest station is at Tripunithura railway station about 6.4 kms; another nearest one is Ernakulam about 17 km away from Chottanikkara. The two railway stations in Kochi are Ernakulam Junction and Ernakulam Town. Road : KSRTC Central Bus station is near the Ernakulam Junction railway station. There are plenty of private buses available for travel from Ernakulam to other cities.

Festivals :

Chingam
Thiruvonam is celebrated in the temple with Thiruvonam feast (annadanam) to all Pilgrims
Kanni
Navarathri aghosham is a famous festival,which attracts large number of devotees. On Vijayadasami day of the Navarathri ulsavam, Vidyarambham is conducted. Babies of 3 to 6 age group are initiated to the three R's- Reading, Writing and Arithmetic in the presence of Devi SARASWATHY. Durgashtami, Mahanavami and Vijayadasami are very important. There is elephants procession. Annadanam and stage programmes are arranged on every day.
Vrishchika
The Vrishchicka Mandala mahotsavam (festival) is celebrated during the entire period of mandalam season.Daily annadanam, stage programmes, Naama japam etc are conducted. During this month,Thrikkarthika festival comes. It is the birthday of the Goddess and the festival runs for three days, Kaarthika, Rohini and Makayiram. On these days,there is ezhunnellippu, Kazhcha siveli, stage programme, deepaalankaaram, Kaarthika vilakku, fireworks etc.There is also lakshaarchana and Vedamura abishekam for 15 days starting from January 1. On the makaravilakku day there is lakshadeepam (lighting of one lakh lamps) and fire works.
Kumbam
The annual festival of the temple comes in Kumbham. It begins with Kodiyettu (Flag hoisting ceremony) on Rohini day, lasts for 7 days and ends on Uthram star. Daily Para ezhunnellippu over neighbouring areas (houses in the Thattakam) and then Aarattu is conducted on these days. During the ulsavam, comes the important day of Makom. Makom Thozhal (Devi darsan) between 2 pm and 8 pm is considered to be most effectual for Mangalyam (long married life) and for getting best marriage for girls. The Deity in full attire specially decorated with gold and diamonds shine in its entire splendor. There is Pooram ezhunnellippu with 7 Elephants in the morning and at night. The ulsavam ends with Uthram Aarattu and Valiya Guruthi (Atham Guruthy).
Medam
On the Vishu day, there will be Vishukani, Vishusadya and ezhunellippu on 3 elephants
Karkitakam
Ramayana masam (Ramayana Month) is celebrated during this period. Daily puranam reading (Ramayanam, Bhagavatham, etc.,) daily annadanam, devotional speeches and discourse etc., is conducted - there is also illam Nira, when fresh paddy of the year is offered to God.

Offerings :

1       Pushpanjaly   
2       Guruthy Pushpanjaly  
3       Guruthy 
4       Lalitha Sahasra Nama Pushpanjaly 
5       Sathru Samhara Pushpanjaly  
6       Swayamvaram Pushpanjaly   
7       lykyamathyam Pushpanjaly   
8       Ashtotharam Pushpanjaly   
9       Bhagyasooktham Pushpanjaly   
10       Moolamanthram Pushpanjaly    
11       Pantheerayiram Pushpanjaly
12       Saraswatha Pushpanjali  
13       Mruthyunjaya Pushpanjali 
14       Sankhabhishekam   
15       Ksheerabhishekam  
16       Special Neypayasam (Big)    
17       Neypayasam   
18       Special Neypayasam (Small)  
19       Koottupayasam  
20       Kattipayasam    
21       Pizhinjupayasam   
22       Palpayasam  
23       Varapayasam   
24       Ellu Nivedyam    
25       Vella Nivedyam    
26       Tidappally Nivedyam    
27       Abhishekham Muthalkootu  
28       Appam   
29       Ada  
30       Chorunu    
31       Ottayappam   
32       Bhajanam   
33       Dhaara    
34       Chandanam Charthu   
35       Sarppathinu Noorum Palum   
36       Vahana Pooja   
37       Koodunirakkal   
38       Marriage    
39       Vidyarambham   
40       Mrithyunjaya Homam
41       Sacred Thread  
42       Amulet    
43       Special Poomoodal
44       Poomoodal    
45       Malapooja   
46       Pooprashnam   
47       Rasi Prashnam   
48       Koodusudham    
49       Mala   
50       Undamala    
51       Bimbam Niramala   
52       Thali Pooja    
53       Thrishathy   
54       Trikala Pooja    
55       Pooja - Oneday  
56       Adima   
57       Shreechakram (Big)    
58       Shreechakram(Small)  
59       Sudharsanachakram(Big)    
60       Sudharsanachakram(Small)    
61       Annadhanam (Ordinary)
62       Annadhanam(Special) -Mandalam    
63       Valiyaguruthy(12 vessel)    
64       Valiyaguruthy(7 vessel)
65       Valiyaguruthy(5 vessel)
66       Valiyaguruthy(3 vessel)
67       Ganapathy Homam
68       Ashtadravya Ganapathy Homam
69       Sharkkarappara   
70       Manjalppara    
71       Arippara  
72       Aavahanam  
73       Malarppara   
74       Nelppara  
75       Kettunira    
76       Sreesooktha Pushpanjali  
77       Purushasooktha Pushpanjali   
78       Chathussatham  
79       Rudrabhishekam   
80       Brahmanabhojanam   
81       Thattam Nivedyam  
82       Bhagavathseva   
83       Niramala Chutuvilakku(including Nivedyam)   
84       Nakshathra Pushpanjali   
85       Nakshathra Guruthy    
86       Nakshathtra Guruthy Pushpanjali   
87       Nakshathra Sathrusamhara Pushpanjali  
88       Nakshathra Lalithasahasranamarchana   
89       Nakshathra Swayamvara Pushpanjali    
90       Nakshathra Saraswatha Pushpanjali   
91       Nakshathra Mrithyunjaya Pushpanjali    
92       Nakshathra Aikyamathya pushpanjali   
93       Nakshathra Ashtothara Pushpanjali   
94       Nakshathra Bhagyasooktha Pushpanjali   
95       Nakshathra Moolamanthra Pushpanjali  

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